Dr Emma Anderson is an Assistant Professor in Virology at the University of Warwick. She is interested in the mechanisms by which retroviruses, such as HIV, are able to recruit ribosomes to their RNAs at the right time to make the proteins they need for new viral particles. She is also interested in the mechanisms that viruses employ to direct translation of different proteins from one RNA molecule. This will provide the basis of her talk at the Biology Conference, which will focus primarily on her work with HIV.
Virologists study viruses that affect humans, animals, insects, bacteria, fungi, and plants in community, clinical, agricultural, and natural environments. Virologists typically work in research or teaching, and many split their time between these two activities. Virologists may also work as science writers or pursue additional training to work in pharmaceutical business or law. Researchers may be employed by universities, government agencies, or health organizations. Some virologists work in industry research and develop new medications.
Medical doctors focusing on virology may carry out clinical research or work with patients afflicted with viruses. Virology researchers work under a broad range of issues including viral pathology, viral oncology, emerging viruses, virotherapy, viral replication, virus-cell interactions, and plant virology.
Virology is not typically offered as a bachelor’s degree major. Because a strong science background is essential, most aspiring virologists major in biology, chemistry, or a related science as undergraduates. Coursework that includes organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biology, cell biology, biochemistry, microbiology, physics, mathematics, English, humanities, and social science can prepare students for graduate degree programs in virology.
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